England | Euro Palace Casino Blog

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Jordan Pickford was the hero as England defeated Colombia on penalties to book the last quarter-final spot at Russia Overview News Photos Profile.

England win on penalties 3 - 4. Croatia win after extra time. Belgium v England The Best of the Semi The Best of the Semi-Finals!

Croatia v England Croatia v England - Who will join France in the Final? England and Croatia through to the Semi-Finals!

Saturday, 07 Jul There was heartbreak for hosts Russia, whose fantastic World Cup journey came to an end but joy for Croatia and England, who secured their places in the semi-finals.

Who will complete th Well-known conversational gambits with due acknowledgement to Peter Kay: The people of England, like their language, are a mixed bunch who have regularly been infused with new blood - from the Romans nearly years ago taking control of the ancient British in the region, to the later influences of Angles, Saxons and others from Europe after which created the original idea of the English, to the Vikings and then the Normans about a thousand years ago.

Since then, there have been Hugenots, Chinese, Jews fleeing pogroms, people from former British colonies in the Caribbean in the s and 60s, Indians expelled from newly independent former African colonies, workers from new EU member states such as Poland, not to mention people from other UK nations and the Republic of Ireland.

The full list is very long, but England has long been used to outsiders making it their home - even before England existed! Like in any country you will get people who are unfriendly to foreign visitors, but England is noted as being one of the most tolerant countries in Europe, and racism is very low when comparing to other nations.

Almost everyone will treat you well if you are polite and make an effort to fit in. Smile, be polite, don't be pushy if you can help it: The English are well used to foreign tourists and you can expect them to be friendly and polite.

One thing to bear in mind is that many mostly elderly English people are terrified of giving offence and dislike lying, and so will try to avoid potential pitfalls by sticking to safe often boring topics of conversation and occasionally doing the tricky job of avoiding offence by evading a question which worries them, while also trying not to offend you by point blank refusing you an answer.

This sort of thing generally wears off as people get to know you. The younger generation are often quite different as far as giving offence is concerned.

Big cities and even some rural areas, like those anywhere, have their social problems, but England is predominantly an affluent country with little visible poverty.

Rough areas contain rough people in England as in any country: In tourist destinations you will meet a mostly friendly people who will take the time to answer a stranger's question, and who may speak English in a colourful or accented way but will be willing to standardise and simplify their speech if you're struggling.

Some would say there is a north-south divide, with people in the North more friendly and approachable Liverpool for instance was voted the fourth friendliest city in the world by travel magazine Rough Guide in , while the South mostly just London though is a more closed culture with people less willing to stop and speak, but don't take offence, remember most Londoners you see on the streets will usually be rushing to get to somewhere eg work and simply don't have the time to talk.

In rural areas of the south, particularly East Anglia and the West Country, people are generally much more laid back and enjoy taking the time to have a chat with strangers.

In most of England you will usually find that if you are polite and friendly, you'll get the same in return. London itself is a very international city where you may meet a variety of nationalities, depending on what part of the city you are in.

Unsurprisingly, English is the main language in England, though it is spoken with many different accents throughout the country. Generally, English accents can be broadly divided into Northern and Southern accents, with natives of Liverpool having a very distinctive accent that is easily distinguishable from that of someone from neighbouring Manchester.

No other languages are widely spoken, but with widespread immigration to England in the past few decades, you might also hear other languages such as Polish, Chinese, German, various South Asian languages or even various African languages being spoken in their respective communities.

Cornish is spoken in Cornwall. When an English person says "Meet me at half five", they mean "Meet me at If the directions say "go to the top of the road", that means the end of the road.

Some words mean one thing to Americans and something else entirely to British folks. When an English man says he shared a "fag" with his "mate" that means only that he smoked a cigarette with a friend.

If he adds that they also had a "gorgeous" meal, it means it was followed by a nice dinner. If they had a "shag" it means they had sex afterwards.

See our English language varieties article for more insights. Then there are the words unique to British English; a sneaker or tennis shoe, for instance, is called a "trainer.

Moreover, the diverse history of the country, and the influx of various cultures over the centuries e.

Vikings, Normans, Romans, Celtic peoples , have produced a very wide range of accents, and there are still traces of regional dialects vocabulary and grammar.

Best not to imitate the accents, you will be seen as mocking. An accent will usually reveal where someone was brought up — sometimes to within quite a small area a criminal was recently caught because his accent on a recorded phone call was traceable to a single neighbourhood.

Today, even well-educated professionals are happy to keep their regional accent: It is now only people who go to public i.

Differences in accent are very real: Even English people, familiar with other accents from TV or by knowing neighbours or colleagues who have moved from other areas, can still struggle when far from home.

Most people are happy to tone down or slow down their accent when a stranger is in difficulty. Dialects exist, but as a matter of interest, not confusion.

People across England would expect to understand anyone from anywhere else in England, because the few everyday dialect words are usually well known from TV.

Differences are interesting, but not critical. Some examples from the north of England: Real differences are of little consequence these days: Other common words are "wee", "bonnie", "lass" small, beautiful and girl, respectively in Scotland.

A few useful words which may help you understand the English particularly in the Midlands and North: Be prepared to have to use English to make yourself understood.

Few people here speak a second language fluently. However, most people were taught one second language usually French, German, Italian or Spanish at school, and may remember enough to be willing to help a stranger in difficulties if they can get over the embarrassment of being seen to "show off".

Because of immigration, especially from Commonwealth countries, many languages are spoken in the big cities. There are also smaller places where particular languages are common.

Because of links with Hong Kong, many Chinese people live here London and Manchester have thriving communities, and Liverpool has one of the oldest Chinese communities in Europe.

Another English peculiarity is the use of terms of endearment for strangers such as "darling", "pet", "love", "hun", "duck", "bab", "mate", "sweetheart", "flower", "queen" and a few others.

It can be confusing, or perhaps even embarrassing, for somebody who is not accustomed to this to be called "darling" by a total stranger; however, this is something which is nowadays mainly used by the older generation and found less in the younger generation although some younger males may call a woman "Darlin" this is usually either as a form of cat calling and can often be followed by derogatory demands or language but is often harmless or directed towards a female friend.

You will hear English people say "sorry". This is not down to guilt or self-consciousness but simply because it is synonymous with "excuse me", and is used to get somebody's attention.

Alternatively it can be synonymous with "pardon". Any comments along the lines of "What are you sorry about? Since England is on an island, it is not possible to drive directly into England from outside Great Britain.

Motorists have two choices to enter England from outside Great Britain, by various car ferry routes, or the Channel Tunnel. A number of roads cross England's borders with its British neighbours.

These roads range from the simple country lanes to motorways. There are no border controls with Scotland or Wales ; indeed, on smaller roads the border may not be noticed at all.

There are no tolls to cross into England; however, motorists need to be aware that crossing from England into Wales via the M4 and M48 Severn Bridges will need to pay a toll.

Also, there is a M6 toll road to bypass the congestion of Birmingham England's second largest city on the main M6 motorway.

Eurostar [25] links mainland Europe to England. Pancras Station in London. Occasional services run from other destinations in France.

Book as early as possible as fares can be considerably more expensive if trying to book at the last minute. BritRail Passes are also available to non-UK citizens which allow the traveller unlimited rail travel in England on one ticket.

Wikitravel has a guide to Rail travel in the United Kingdom. With so much coastline and so many ports, England has extensive shipping links with many countries worldwide.

See Ferry routes to British Mainland. This is highly recommended for a few reasons - firstly, the M5, the main route into the West Country is a dreary, slow, lethargic and often congested and frustrating road that is very easily prone to snarl ups - sitting on a hot summers day in a car stuck in traffic on the M5 is frustrating to say the least.

Secondly, the journey from Penarth to Ilfracombe on a warm summers day, you can get to see a sea-going perspective of Minehead , Porlock, the picture postcard villages of Lynton and Lynmouth, the wild and raw Valley of the Rocks and the majestic "Great Hangman", a feet hogback hill with a cliff face of feet making it the highest cliff in Southern England.

Sailing from Wales to the West Country is definetly better than driving down the awful M5!!! There are taxi firms everywhere many are by booking only - find the phone number of the local company and phone ahead , and every town has a bus service.

Sometimes in city centres, usually just after the nightclubs have closed, there will be queue for taxis which will sometimes be monitored by marshals or police.

To be safe, make sure you take a registered taxi or black cab; despite government action, many unlawful unregistered private taxi drivers exist - these do have a reputation for being unsafe, particularly if you are a woman.

England has one of the highest densities of railway lines per square mile in the world. There has been much improvement and investment in recent years to the railway network and rolling stock but delays and cancellations do occasionally occur.

See also Rail travel in the United Kingdom. Buses are numerous, frequent and reliable in most of the larger towns and cities and an ideal way of getting around.

Rural areas are less well served and hiring a car is often the best option to explore the countryside and villages. The roads are of generally excellent quality although can deteriorate in rural areas, with cheap materials often used to repair the roads, only for the workmen and resulting road closures to rerun soon later.

Potholes are a huge nuisance to locals, as it can takes weeks or months for them to be repaired, although done cheaply using a method called "Patching".

Care should be taken on rural and minor roads, some of which are extremely narrow, twisty and poorly marked, while many are two way roads and only wide enough for one car, meaning a meeting situation can be unpleasant.

The signs and markings on most roads are clear, although roundabouts make traffic slow to a crawl during "Rush Hour".

The main problem with driving in England is the sheer volume of traffic on the roads. Unfortunately this is not only limited to rush-hours and large cities, and even cross country motorways can slow to a stop as they pass urban areas.

Prepare for travel times being longer than you'd normally anticipate in relation to the mileage. Speed cameras and traffic police are numerous so caution is advised.

The traditional British 'reserve' and politeness may occasionally dissolve under the stress of congestion on the major routes, especially with the traffic problems in some of England's larger cities, but generally driving around Britain is an enjoyable experience and it is polite to acknowledge the courtesy of another driver with a nod or the raising of the hand as a form of thank you.

Drivers will often flash their headlights to indicate that you are clear to pull out, or otherwise to give way to you, and it is considered polite to say thank you by giving a wave or a quick flash of your headlights.

However, be prepared for drivers who do not agree with speed limits, especially newly created ones on roads where for example, the limit has been lowered from 60 to 30 after campaigns from locals.

Even if you are driving at the posted limit, there is a chance you will be overtaken and this will be more frequent if you have a sticker in your back window, implying you'll be sticking to it.

Drivers with this attitude often spend ages driving behind you, while driving close behind as a means to make you speed up, even if it means breaking the law.

Do not worry about this, maintain your speed, as they are most likely the sort who are already collecting speeding points on their license, while you are sensible and in the right.

Flashing your hazards ie, both indicators at the same time is only used as an indication of danger. Usually it's used to indicate the car's broken down or to warn other drivers that there's a hazard up ahead.

But flashing your hazards a couple of times is another way of saying Thank you. Brown and white road signs indicate nearby tourist attractions, and the blue i sign denotes Tourist Information.

The UK isn't as cycle-friendly as some other European countries, but it's still a great way to get around. You'll see a lot more from a bicycle, have the freedom to stop wherever you want, no parking headaches and once you've got the bicycle there is nothing to pay.

It is unquestionably the fastest way around London and other major cities - it does have it's dangers but it's well worth the risk.

There are many lovely cycle paths where you can avoid the traffic and soak in the cityscape or countryside.

Rough examples of journey times at moderate speed: Buckingham Palace to Tower Bridge: A national online route planner can be found at Cycle Streets.

You must use lights if you plan to cycle after dark and can be fined by the police for failing to do so. A front white light and red rear light are required.

Flashing LED lights or bulb based bike lights both meet the legal requirements. A decent lock is also essential, particularly in the cities bicycle theft is a common problem.

Some of the London Underground trains and all London Overground accept cycles outside of peak hours. Local buses and trams don't accept bikes.

Mainline and suburban trains allow bicycles but normally have restrictions during peak hours on busy services. Policies vary from compulsory reservation of cycles space to no cycle during peak hours - its best to check with each rail operator or on the national rail web site for restrictions that could impact your planned journey.

Folding bikes may travel at any time so long as they are collapsed completely. Long distance coaches will normally let you on with a bicycle, as long as they're not too full.

Arrive early for coaches so you get a space in the luggage hold. There are many tour operators in England, which can take you around the country stress-free.

There are options from budget larger groups in coaches to smaller group tours in luxury mini-coaches. The guides may provide an insight into English history and culture you may not be able to learn on your own.

London is the start and finish point for most international tourists. It offers countless museums and historical attractions.

To truly experience England, however, you must venture out of the hustle and bustle of the capital and see what the rest of England has to offer.

You will find the rest of England very different to its capital city; indeed, if you only visit London, you haven't seen 'England' - you've seen one city that bears few similarities with the rest of the country.

If short on time, you may find it more convenient to base yourself in a regional city and take day trips to the National Parks, coast and smaller towns.

You will find that public transport to and within cities and large towns is acceptable, but that in smaller places off the beaten track then you should research your journey carefully, or consider hiring a car.

Popular places to visit include the counties of Yorkshire in the East, and Cornwall in the South West of England, the National Parks listed above, and the historic cities such as York , Bath and Lincoln.

If short on time, then it is possible to use larger cities as a base for day trips, either by train or coach.

For example Leeds , the largest city in Yorkshire makes a great base for day trips to the Yorkshire Dales , North Yorkshire Moors , York and Whitby , whilst offering its own selection of attractions such as the Royal Armories, famed nightlife, theatre and designer shopping in stunning Victorian Era arcades.

Similarly Liverpool , as well as being a popular city break destination in itself with its Beatles heritage and maritime attractions, is centrally located for day trips to the Lake District , North Wales, and Yorkshire.

Plymouth makes a good base for exploring Dartmoor , whilst allowing day trips to Cornwall and offering its own range of attractions and museums.

Bristol , the West Country's largest city makes for a very enjoyable weekend break. Although until recently overlooked by other Southern English cities such as Oxford, Cambridge, Bath and Brighton, Bristol has come into its own thanks to its leftfield attitude, laid back easy going groove, the West Country's largest shopping complex, and above all its stunningly creative and brilliant music scene a back catalogue containing the likes of Massive Attack, Portishead and Tricky.

Although Bristol doesn't have any specific sights apart from the Clifton Suspension Bridge , it's a city to just browse and glide through at your leisure and soak up the mellow, amiable vibe of Britain's most relaxed and laid back city.

If you have a little longer, you may be able to spend a week more locally based, for example staying in Ambleside in the Lake District.

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As the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution , England was home to many significant inventors during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Famous English engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel , best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway , a series of famous steamships , and numerous important bridges, hence revolutionising public transport and modern-day engineering.

With his role in the marketing and manufacturing of the steam engine, and invention of modern coinage, Matthew Boulton business partner of James Watt is regarded as one of the most influential entrepreneurs in history.

Inventions and discoveries of the English include: Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation , Newtonian mechanics , and calculus , and Robert Hooke his eponymously named law of elasticity.

Other inventions include the iron plate railway, the thermosiphon , tarmac , the rubber band , the mousetrap , "cat's eye" road marker , joint development of the light bulb , steam locomotives , the modern seed drill and many modern techniques and technologies used in precision engineering.

The Department for Transport is the government body responsible for overseeing transport in England. There are many motorways in England , and many other trunk roads, such as the A1 Great North Road , which runs through eastern England from London to Newcastle [] much of this section is motorway and onward to the Scottish border.

The red double-decker buses in London have become a symbol of England. There is a rapid transit network in two English cities: Rail transport in England is the oldest in the world: There are plans to reopen lines such as the Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge.

These lines are mostly standard gauge single , double or quadruple track though there are also a few narrow gauge lines.

There is rail transport access to France and Belgium through an undersea rail link, the Channel Tunnel , which was completed in England has extensive domestic and international aviation links.

The largest airport is Heathrow , which is the world's busiest airport measured by number of international passengers.

The Thames is the major waterway in England, with imports and exports focused at the Port of Tilbury in the Thames Estuary, one of the United Kingdom's three major ports.

The National Health Service NHS is the publicly funded healthcare system in England responsible for providing the majority of healthcare in the country.

It was based on the findings of the Beveridge Report , prepared by economist and social reformer William Beveridge. The average life expectancy of people in England is The English people are a British people.

In , when the Domesday Book was compiled, England had a population of two million. Other people from much further afield in the former British colonies have arrived since the s: England contains one indigenous national minority, the Cornish people , recognised by the UK government under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in By the 15th century, English was back in fashion among all classes, though much changed; the Middle English form showed many signs of French influence, both in vocabulary and spelling.

During the English Renaissance , many words were coined from Latin and Greek origins. Thanks in large part to the British Empire , the English language is the world's unofficial lingua franca.

English language learning and teaching is an important economic activity , and includes language schooling , tourism spending, and publishing.

There is no legislation mandating an official language for England, [] but English is the only language used for official business.

Despite the country's relatively small size, there are many distinct regional accents , and individuals with particularly strong accents may not be easily understood everywhere in the country.

As well as English, England has two other indigenous languages , Cornish and Welsh. Cornish died out as a community language in the 18th century but is being revived, [] [] and is now protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

When the modern border between Wales and England was established by the Laws in Wales Acts and , many Welsh-speaking communities found themselves on the English side of the border.

Welsh was spoken in Archenfield in Herefordshire into the nineteenth century, [] and by natives of parts of western Shropshire until the middle of the twentieth century if not later.

State schools teach students a second language , usually French, German or Spanish. However, following the census data released by the Office for National Statistics , figures now show that Polish is the main language spoken in England after English.

In the census, The church regards itself as both Catholic and Protestant. It forms part of the Anglican Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury acting as its symbolic worldwide head.

Since its reintroduction after the Catholic Emancipation , the Church has organised ecclesiastically on an England and Wales basis where there are 4.

A form of Protestantism known as Methodism is the third largest Christian practice and grew out of Anglicanism through John Wesley.

The patron saint of England is Saint George ; his symbolic cross is included in the flag of England, as well as in the Union Flag as part of a combination.

There are non-Christian religions practised. Jews have a history of a small minority on the island since Especially since the s, religions from the former British colonies have grown in numbers, due to immigration.

A small minority of the population practise ancient Pagan religions. Neopaganism in the United Kingdom is primarily represented by Wicca and Witchcraft religions , Druidry , and Heathenry.

According to the UK Census , there are roughly 53, people who identify as Pagan in England, [nb 5] and 3, in Wales , [nb 5] including 11, Wiccans in England and in Wales.

The Department for Education is the government department responsible for issues affecting people in England up to the age of 19, including education.

Children who are between the ages of 3 and 5 attend nursery or an Early Years Foundation Stage reception unit within a primary school.

Children between the ages of 5 and 11 attend primary school, and secondary school is attended by those aged between 11 and After finishing compulsory education, students take GCSE examinations.

Students may then opt to continue into further education for two years. Further education colleges particularly sixth form colleges often form part of a secondary school site.

A-level examinations are sat by a large number of further education students, and often form the basis of an application to university.

Although most English secondary schools are comprehensive , in some areas there are selective intake grammar schools , to which entrance is subject to passing the eleven-plus exam.

Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree.

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills is the government department responsible for higher education in England.

Students are then able to work towards a postgraduate degree, which usually takes one year, or towards a doctorate, which takes three or more years.

Since the establishment of Bedford College London , Girton College Cambridge and Somerville College Oxford in the 19th century , women also can obtain a university degree.

Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period; amongst the best known are Stonehenge , Devil's Arrows , Rudston Monolith and Castlerigg.

Perhaps the best-known example is Hadrian's Wall stretching right across northern England. Early Medieval architecture's secular buildings were simple constructions mainly using timber with thatch for roofing.

Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno — Saxon monasticism , [] [] to Early Christian basilica and architecture characterised by pilaster-strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular headed openings.

After the Norman conquest in various Castles in England were created so law lords could uphold their authority and in the north to protect from invasion.

Throughout the Plantagenet era, an English Gothic architecture flourished, with prime examples including the medieval cathedrals such as Canterbury Cathedral , Westminster Abbey and York Minster.

Medieval architecture was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style ; the four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch , was a defining feature as were wattle and daub houses domestically.

In the aftermath of the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity synthesised with Christianity appeared, the English Baroque style of architect Christopher Wren being particularly championed.

Georgian architecture followed in a more refined style, evoking a simple Palladian form; the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this.

With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian period, a Gothic Revival was launched. In addition to this, around the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace.

Since the s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance movements continue with support in influential places.

English folklore developed over many centuries. Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions.

Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves. While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, for instance the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith , [] others date from after the Norman invasion; Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham being, perhaps, the best known.

During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth.

Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore. Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.

The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate.

There are various national and regional folk activities, participated in to this day, such as Morris dancing , Maypole dancing , Rapper sword in the North East, Long Sword dance in Yorkshire, Mummers Plays , bottle-kicking in Leicestershire, and cheese-rolling at Cooper's Hill.

Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.

The cuisine of England has, however, recently undergone a revival, which has been recognised by food critics with some good ratings in Restaurant ' s best restaurant in the world charts.

Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.

Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest.

Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti. Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.

Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza , [] and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.

The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.

There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.

Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth , [] while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.

More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. The English played a significant role in romanticism: In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.

Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G.

Cole are somewhat related. Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.

It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel became a British subject [] and spent most of his composing life in London, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, The Messiah , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.

One of his four Coronation Anthems , Zadok the Priest , composed for the coronation of George II , has been performed at every subsequent British coronation , traditionally during the sovereign's anointing.

In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.

Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.

Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. A Story of the London Fog , helped shape the thriller genre in film, while his film, Blackmail , is often regarded as the first British sound feature film.

Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton. Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.

English Heritage is a governmental body with a broad remit of managing the historic sites, artefacts and environments of England.

It is currently sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. There are many museums in England, but perhaps the most notable is London's British Museum.

Its collection of more than seven million objects [] is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world, [] sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.

England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world. Sports originating in England include association football, [] cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash , [] rounders , [] hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.

It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in In the modern day, the Premier League is the world's most-watched football league, [] most lucrative, [] and amongst the elite.

As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.

Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald. One of the game's top rivalries is The Ashes series between England and Australia , contested since The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7.

However they have hosted the ICC World Twenty20 in , winning this format in beating rivals Australia in the final.

William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games. England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years.

Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.

Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.

Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.

Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria. Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F.

Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf. England has produced grand slam winners: The world's oldest golf tournament, and golf's first major is The Open Championship , played both in England and Scotland.

The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.

Tennis was created in Birmingham, England in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.

Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles [] and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.

English women who have won Wimbledon include: Ann Haydon Jones in and Virginia Wade in In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.

Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.

It is the most watched horse race in the UK, attracting casual observers, and three-time winner Red Rum is the most successful racehorse in the event's history.

England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.

Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.

Another popular sport commonly associated with pub games is Snooker , and England has produced several world champions, including Steve Davis and Ronnie O'Sullivan.

The English are keen sailors and enjoy competitive sailing ; founding and winning some of the worlds most famous and respected international competitive tournaments across the various race formats, including the match race , a regatta, and the America's Cup.

The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.

The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.

A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.

There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose , the nation's floral emblem , and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England.

The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is also known as the Rose of England.

The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.

England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: St George is the patron saint of England.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction.

England in the Middle Ages. East Riding of Yorkshire. Ceremonial counties of England. List of places in England. List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society.

English diaspora , Cornish people , and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom. English language in England. English language , History of the English language , and Cornish language.

Official, but not majority language. History of Christianity in England. List of universities in England. Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England.

Apple pie has been consumed in England since the Middle Ages. Chicken tikka masala , , adapted from Indian chicken tikka and called "a true British national dish.

This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.

This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Folk music of England. Music of the United Kingdom.

Thomas Tallis' "Lamentations I". Cinema of the United Kingdom. List of museums in England. National symbols of England.

England portal United Kingdom portal. London's municipal population is also the largest in the EU. Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number.

Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number. Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament.

Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 9 February International Organization for Standardization.

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Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original PDF on 19 July Archived from the original PDF on 26 June Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 17 January While in a city you are usually not more than a 5 min walk from any pub.

The pub is an English institution, though a declining one. Tastes are changing, smoking has been banned inside pubs, beer is ever cheaper in supermarkets, drink-driving is taboo, and pub landlords are often squeezed by sharp practice by the big firms which supply beers, and which also own many pub buildings.

There are many different kinds of pub. Some are traditional 'locals', and a real part of the community. In most neighbourhood pubs you will find all generations mingling together, which often gives patrons a feeling of community.

It would not be uncommon to see three generations of one family congregating in a neighbourhood pub. Nevertheless, pubs can vary widely in character.

Depending on the area, you can find a warm and friendly welcome, or drunken youths spoiling for a fight. However, pubs are becoming more and more specialized.

In city centres, many have been taken over by big chains; some are soulless, some are moderately pleasant. Some independent pubs have become wine bars or cocktail bars; perhaps the least pleasant are those pubs which pack in customers on their way to a nightclub, with loud music, no space, and super-cheap spirits to make sure their clients are as drunk as possible by 11pm.

However, many pubs are evolving in a more healthy direction. There are now many pubs which pride themselves on serving 'real ales' - beer brewed on a smaller scale to traditional English methods and recipes.

Any visiting beer lover should track these down. Many pubs, both in the countryside and in cities, have moved towards serving good food. And while most pubs will serve food, it's in these 'gastropubs' that you'll find well-prepared food, generally a mixture of traditional English dishes and international influences.

The prices will tend to match. Pubs have a little of their own etiquette. At any proper pub, service is always at the bar.

It's polite to strike up a conversation with anyone else who is standing or sitting at the bar. And if someone buys you a drink, you will be expected to 'stand your round' later on, buying for whoever you're drinking with.

If you're planning to leave promptly, or don't have enough money, then you should politely decline the offer. Although traditional pub licensing laws severely restricted their hours of operation, laws enacted in allow pubs to request more flexible opening hours.

Few pubs have requested anywhere near the "24 hour drinking" that is theoretically possible: Some of the more trendy bars will close nearer to 1AM, filling a niche in the market between traditional pub and nightclub.

However in most cities and many towns, centrally located pubs and bars will stay open anytime from 2AM till 6AM, especially on Friday and Saturday nights.

Also, at public holiday times, many pubs extend their closing times — especially New Year's Eve. England is home to a huge variety of alcoholic drinks.

As well as wines and spirits mainly imported, but some local , all pubs sell several beers and at least one cider.

The main types of beer you will come across are lager , bitter and stout. Real Ale is not a separate classification, it refers to beer made and served by traditional methods.

Lager — Predominantly the pilsner type: Because of the popularity of this type of beer amongst the young, there are many mass-market national brands brewed in the UK and widely advertised with "having fun" type ads which may disappoint anyone wanting more than simply cold, fizzy, alcohol.

Some national brands are much better, and often stronger, and may be sold in bottles as well as on draught. Purists often prefer imported European-brewed lagers.

Bitter — The most common example of the English type of beer technically called "ale" see below. They are typically darker than lagers - they are called bitter because they have more hops than mild another less-common kind of ale.

Again, there are well-advertised national brands for the mass market, usually less strong than lagers.

Most are now not "real ales": Stout — A dark, heavy, usually very bitter beer. Originally called Porter, Arthur Guinness decided he could do better and made Guinness which he branded a Stout Porter.

Guinness is one world-famous Irish brand that is available almost everywhere in England, often in "normal" and "extra cold" versions. All of the mass-market types above can be bought in cans - often with a "widget" that when the can is opened, forces nitrogen bubbles through the beer to simulate "draught" beer.

Ale — This is not simply another word for "Bitter" or "Beer". Technically it simply means any beer other than lager ie it is a beer brewed at cellar temperatures using floating yeast, ie bitters, milds and stouts.

However, these days "ale" is often used a little self-consciously, usually either as a "matey" word for any type of beer "Anyone fancy a few ales?

To ask for "A pint of ale, please. However "Real Ale" is an accepted term, so to ask "What real ales do you have on? Real Ale — The Campaign for Real Ale CAMRA has been a very successful consumer campaign, its aims have been to ensure that mass-market beers do not completely force out beers made in the traditional way.

Most real ales are served from the distinctive "handpumps" which allow a pint to be "pulled" from the cellar by several full-length strokes requiring visible effort on the part of the server.

Most "real ales" served in ordinary pubs are bitters, but these come in a wide range of strengths, colours, and bitterness. A majority of pubs now serve at least one or two national brands of real ale, and perhaps one or even two local ones.

Expect to see summer ales, winter ales, exotic beers containing ingredients such as heather, honey or ginger , light milds, dark milds, lagers, stouts and, increasingly, porters like a stronger dark mild, or a lighter, sweeter stout.

These will be served from a long row of handpumps or even more traditionally straight from barrels sitting on the bar or especially at beer festivals in racks.

There will also be a wide range of "bottle-conditioned" beers "real ale in a bottle" usually either versions of English bitters, often called "pale ales", or very strong beers from France or Belgium.

There will also be several ciders and perries. Cider — In England this means an alcoholic drink made from apples often much stronger than beer.

The more commercial brands of cider, served from pressurised kegs and so available at any pub, are clear, fizzy and cold , and quite strong they are usually moderately or very sweet, so the high alcohol content may go unnoticed by a novice.

A real ale pub will usually sell at least one "real", unpressurised, cider, perhaps from a barrel sitting on the bar. The most traditional cider is called Scrumpy and is usually very strong, very cloudy and possibly but not always rather sour.

Some commercial ciders have "scrumpy" in their name, but these are not quite the same as a gallon jug bought at the farmhouse door.

Perry — Similar to cider but made from pears is sometimes called pear cider , especially if imported. Farmhouse perry was always difficult to get hold of outside the West Country, but this is improving, and there will nearly always be some available at a beer festival.

Keen perry-spotters might notice the sweetish "undercover" commercial versions: Tea is widely drunk throughout the country, almost always hot, usually strong, usually with milk, and quite often with sugar.

There are many popular brands the most recognisable brands are PG Tips and Tetley. Tea is usually drunk at home or at work or to accompany breakfast in inexpensive restaurants where it will usually arrive with milk in a separate jug , or with afternoon tea scones, cream, jam, and cakes at a "tea-room" less-frequently seen these days, except in expensive hotels or in holiday areas.

It is often the cheapest drink in coffee shops. Tea is often served in pubs and bars too. Coffee is as popular as tea. Instant coffee made with hot water, hot milk, or "half and half" is much used at home and work, and in inexpensive restaurants.

If it is made with just hot water, then it is "black coffee"; with added cold milk it becomes "white coffee". Percolators are little used, and machines with paper filters are less common than they once were: Therefore, at dinner parties or good restaurants, the "french press" cafetiere has become the standard way to serve "real" "ground" coffee: The drinker then adds their own milk hot milk is often provided; cream less often and sugar.

Seattle-style coffee bars serve the usual types of espresso-based coffees but with a less-bewildering choice of combinations of coffee, milk, sugar, and flavourings.

Decaffeinated coffee is available, but not standard. A Pub may serve coffee, and indeed chains especially Wetherspoons invariably do, but "Bar" type of pub at a non-busy time of day is a better option.

International coffeshops such as Starbucks, Costa's and Cafe Nero are very common in large towns and cities. These often serve a wide range of coffees, teas and hot chocolate.

While the rooms are generally comfortable, rooms at the lower end of the price scale may be small and usually come without air conditioning, cable TV, coffee machines, and other amenities.

In very inexpensive accommodation, for example in dormitory style hostels, towels and soap may not be provided. Most hotels that provide breakfast will offer a choice between a full english see above or continental.

The continental normally consists of bread rolls, croissant, cereal, pain au chocolat and cold meats such as ham and salami.

Beverages such as fresh fruit juice, tea, coffee and hot chocolate are served too. Euros are generally not accepted, except in very rare circumstances.

If you are travelling from continental Europe, you should change your Euros into Pound Sterling. Note that although Bank of England notes are accepted all over the United Kingdom, you may have trouble with using Northern Irish and Scottish notes in England due to shop staff being unfamiliar with them.

Credit cards are accepted in most shops and restaurants. Visa and Mastercard are the most widely accepted, though debit cards with the Maestro logo are also taken.

American Express cards are accepted in fewer establishments, but most restaurants will accept it. Credit cards with a Chip and PIN have become nearly compulsory.

Credit card agreements mostly require merchants to accept cards with a swipe and signature, however, it is wise to carry enough cash in case the retailer does not comply.

England has many options for foreign students to study; from language, history, and cultural short courses to advanced degrees at internationally renowned universities.

Most cities have at least one institute of higher learning. Visitors from Commonwealth countries will have a much easier time getting a work permit, especially those under 30 as there are several programs.

Citizens of countries belonging to the European Union Germany, France, Spain, etc do not require a permit and are free to live and work in England, however, certain restrictions currently apply to certain new EU member states such as Bulgaria, Romania, etc , so you will need to check this out on the Uk Border Agency website before travelling.

Visitors on a student visa can work up to 20 hour per week while in school and 40 hours per week while on break. In any emergency call or from a land-line if you can and ask for Ambulance, Fire, Police or Coast Guard when connected.

If you need more than one service that includes an ambulance e. England by and large is a safe place to live and visit, with violent crime against tourists being rare, however you should always use general common sense to ensure you keep out of trouble.

In most of the major cities, you will find outlying suburban and inner city areas where poverty, crime and gang violence are common.

These areas can be particularly risky by western standards and should be avoided. Again, common sense is the best way to stay safe, and it is unlikely a visitor would end up in such areas anyway.

In a situation where you feel uncomfortable out on the street for example, if a gang of youths block your path and are behaving in a rowdy manner , its usually fine to simply cross the road and walk past and not to respond to them as they are not generally interested in harassing people as they may appear and will ignore you in most cases.

Crime rates are generally very low in rural areas, although some small poorer towns can be surprisingly rough. Take care when driving on country lanes as they can become very narrow and the lesser travelled ones are often in poor condition.

It is worth taking extra care on public transport at night, as loutish drunks can be a problem. Also, in some cities, there have been incidents of street gangs carrying out robberies on buses and trains at night.

Visitors should not be too concerned, however, as these are very rare occurrences. Some town and city centres should be approached with caution during the later evening on Fridays and Saturdays in particular, as high levels of drunkenness can be rife.

Many English drunks can all too often become aggressive, and outbreaks of unprovoked violence have happened, but again, common sense can help avoid problems with drunken people.

At night it is also recommended that you use licensed taxis or licensed mini cabs. Taxis are available at taxi ranks or by phone, while mini cabs are by phone booking only - asking at the bar will usually provide you with numbers.

The age of both heterosexual and homosexual consent is 16 throughout the United Kingdom. British laws mostly support LGBT rights.

You shouldn't be discriminated against in any area of the UK for your sexuality although that it can occur and enforcement of the law is spotty.

Some in British society are anti-gay. There are some areas where you may want to not be overtly showing your sexuality very remote villages, 'tough' places such as football matches, Truro and the Cornwall area, Peterborough, bad areas of cities.

Be careful and follow others around you. If they don't show public affection, it probably isn't safe to do that. In the United Kingdom, there is no cost to a patient at point of service, due to the welfare state system.

In a medical emergency, dial These numbers are free of charge from any telephone. For advice on non-emergency medical problems, you can ring the 24 hour NHS service.

However, hospitals are wary of health tourists and if obviously not from England, may ask where you are from and if within the EU, for your EHIC card previously known as E Obviously, more serious ailments are usually treated immediately.

Evenings are normally busiest, particularly on Fridays and Saturdays and in city centres. For advice on minor ailments and non-prescription drugs, you can ask a pharmacist there are many high-street chemists.

These are increasingly using green signs similar to ones seen in Europe to identify them. Small pharmacies are also found inside many larger supermarkets.

Major pharmacies are Boots and Lloyds, at least one of these can be found in any city or large town and quite often some smaller towns too.

These two firms can issue drugs prescribed by a doctor as well as any over the counter drugs. Superdrug, Semi-Chem, Bodycare and Savers do sell some over the counter medication but are not to be considered as places to go for advice about minor ailments.

A smaller range of medication can also be found in most supermarkets. ID is usually required when buying medication if you look under Smoking is prohibited in all public buildings.

All enclosed workplaces are lawfully required to be smoke free. See the UK article for more information.

The English are in general very polite people, and like most other places it is considered bad manners not to say "please", "thank you", "cheers" or "sorry".

A nod or a smile are also often the response. The English do apologise a lot, whether it is their fault or not. You should do the same even for little things.

Sometimes, strangers and friends address each other by "mate" informally, but this should not be used to people with higher status than you.

As in any Western country, you may occasionally bump into rude people, but this is rare and generally frowned upon in English society, unless you have done something wrong.

If you travel to different regions in England, you will find a variety of English accents, such as Liverpool accent, a "Geordie" accent and even "cockney" accent in London.

People from these regions might consider a very formal "Queen's English" accent to be somewhat posh, but will generally not mind if it's obvious you are a tourist.

While it may be tempting to do, do not try to copy their regional accents when communicating with those people - you will probably do a bad job, and they might think that you are "taking the mick" or laughing at them.

When driving on rural roads, particularly where a driver has to pull in to allow you to pass, it is customary to wave a thanks to the other driver, by raising your hand from the steering wheel.

This is particularly prevalent in rural areas where many drivers will automatically wave at everyone who drives past them.

A polite hand wave or even with just the index finger raised from the steering wheel is customary and will be appreciated.

When accepting gifts, a polite refusal such as, "no really you shouldn't" is common after the first offer of the item. Usually, this is followed with an insistence that the gift or offer is accepted, at which point your answer is likely to become more recognized.

However, some people can be very persuasive - this isn't meant to be over-bearing, just courteous.

One thing which some visitors may find disconcerting is the response an English person may give to a "thank you". Most English people will respond with something along the lines of "It was nothing" or "not at all".

This does not mean that they didn't try hard to please, but rather it is meant to suggest "I was happy to do it for you, so it was not any great difficulty" even though it may have been!

The English are said to be reserved and reluctant to communicate with strangers. This is not entirely true. You will find that most people are happy to help tourists with directions and practical advice but a general rule is that Northerners are more friendly and open to conversation with strangers than people from London and the SouthEast of England.

Entire carriages of people will sit in silence on the London underground so do not be surprised to be greeted with strange looks and annoyance if you strike up small talk with someone in the capital.

However, as in many other countries, it is best to avoid sensitive topics such as politics. One thing worth noticing is that the English value privacy a lot, probably more than any other countries.

When meeting with them for the first few times, avoid asking personal questions. Some questions considered ordinary in other countries are considered "too personal" in England, such as where do you live and what is your job.

It is not uncommon for an English person not to know what their neighbours' jobs are for many years. A good tip for foreigners is to use the mirroring rule - if they ask you a personal question, it is safe to ask the same question back but answer their question first!

It is said that the English invented queueing, and they become very annoyed if anyone jumps the line although this is probably the same for most countries.

However, you don't usually see an obvious queue in bus stops and train platforms. This does not mean you could run over everyone there.

When you find yourself in a restaurant or being invited to someone's home for a meal, just general table manners apply unless it is a top-class restaurant.

Normally when visiting a house, the host will ask if you would like a cup of tea or coffee. You should do the same when you invite an English person to your house when you live in England.

It is ok to let your host know if you are vegetarian or any dietary needs. On the other hand, it is rude to specify exactly what you would like to eat.

Likewise, when you invite an English person to your house, besides finding out if they are vegetarians, you should also ask them if they are allergic to anything as many English people have different sorts of "allergy" such as nut allergy, wheat allergy and so on.

When you find yourself in a pub or bar with your English friends, be aware that there is an unspoken convention of "buying rounds" from each person.

This normally works ok if it is a small group. However if the group is large, the "round" could be costly and that could lead to "binge drinking".

It is absolutely ok to have non-alcoholic drinks though. Even better, arrange to meet your friends in a restaurant or cafes which have been increasing popular in England.

When socialising, the English are quite laid back and happy to laugh at 'English' misdemeanors and faults. However, negative comments about the royal family especially from a foreigner should be avoided as some English people may be offended, but it's generally fine to make them around the younger generation.

It's advisable to err on the side of caution when discussing politics, and a safe bet would be to avoid discussing it all with strangers if you want to avoid the potential for an argument.

If you are curious to hear the perspective of English people, most people will be happy to offer their opinion on the political situation in the country, though be aware that the country is currently quite divided on the issue of the UK's impending exit from the European Union "Brexit" - requests for an opinion will go down well, unsolicited invitations to debate the issue will likely not.

See Contact entry under United Kingdom for national information on telephone, internet and postal services. When traveling to UK, even though it may seem best to carry your cell phone along, you should not dismiss the benefits of the calling cards to call the ones back home.

Get yourself a UK calling card when packing for your trip. This will be very useful if you're staying for more than weeks and especially if you need mobile internet.

Mobile signal is generally very good throughout England, apart from some countryside areas. Expect your signal to drop very frequently if travelling by train or car.

However there are a host of MVNOs that use the infrastructure of these networks, these often offer plans tailored towards expat communities and tourist who wish to call abroad, the main players are LycaMobile, Lebara and giffgaff.

Most of these sim cards can be picked up in local shops however giffgaff do not have shops and only post out sims to the UK - therefore if you'd like a giffgaff sim abroad you can order one here.

If staying connected is a priority you may want to compare the data speeds of the networks, OpenSignal provide London coverage maps. In the United Kingdom, area codes are two, three, four, or, rarely, five digits long after the initial zero.

Regions with shorter area codes, typically large cities, permit the allocation of more telephone numbers as the local number portion has more digits.

Local customer numbers are four to eight figures long. The total number of digits is ten, but in a very few areas the total may be nine digits after the initial zero.

The "area code" is also referred to as an 'STD code ' subscriber trunk dialling or a 'dialling code' in the UK. The code allocated to the largest population is for London.

The code allocated to the largest area is for all of Northern Ireland. Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!

Cornish Religion Christian East of England A low-lying territory northeast of London, mostly rural. West Midlands The industrial and rural area east of Wales.

Yorkshire Regarded as one of the most scenic, varied and interesting of all the traditional counties.

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